MTEL Writing Practice Test Answers
1:D. The original phrasing of the sentence is redundant. Line 3 introduces the kind of microbes that line 4 talks about. D is the simplest way of referencing line 3. Since ‘microbes’ are a plural count noun they cannot be ‘it’ but should be ‘they.’ Answer A comes close, but is not simpler than D.
2:C. Answer C retains all of the information of the original three sentences and combines them in the most concise form. Answer A uses some redundancies, such as repeating the word lake several times. Answer B is not a complete sentence because it lacks a verb for the main subject. Answer D has a confusing subject.
3:A. This sentence condenses the short and awkward sentences of the original into something concise. Because the ideas are related, they can be connected using adverb clauses. In addition, the best sentence uses parallelism to good effect. ‘The extreme heat’ of the first clause nicely matches ‘the intense pressure’ of the second clause. The adverbs and auxiliary verbs are properly placed, as well.
4:D. The adverb ‘likely’ is misplaced. It should go before the main verb to read: ‘Such heat and pressure likely exists near the mantles of other planets.’ The other sentences are grammatically correct.
5:C. The sentence has an auxiliary verb ‘are’ before the main verb so the present participle ‘metabolizing’ is needed to complete the present progressive tense. The sentence should read, ‘One can imagine there are microbes silently metabolizing in those distant lands.’ In sentence 2, ‘found’ is used correctly as the main verb of a passive infinitive construction ‘to be found.’ In sentence 5, ‘surprising’ is the present participle finishing the present progressive with a modal verb.